What is Android? History And All Version of Android - Complete Detail - Fast Blog News

What is Android? History And All Version of Android - Complete Detail

Now a days the name of Android is heard everywhere. If in today's time you will ask anyone what mobile you have, then they will say that I have an Android phone. 

Now the question may also be coming in your mind that what is this Android which is so famous and which has revolutionized the mobile world. 

Android mobiles offer more and more features at a lower price and today it has reached every village and every street.

What is Android


Let's start, about Android.


What is Android?

Android is not a phone nor an application, it is an operating system that is based on the linux kernel. If I say it in easy language, Linux is an operating system that is mainly used in server and desktop computer. So Android is just a version of Linux that has been created after a lot of modification. Yes but it is related.

Android is an operating system that was designed keeping the mobile in view. So that all the functions and applications of the phone can be easily run in it. Whatever you see in the phone's display are all part of the operating system. Whenever you get a call, text message or email, your OS processes it and presents it to you in readable format.

Android OS has been divided into many versions and according to their features, operation, stability, which have been given different numbers.


History of Android Inc

History Of Android is also very deep and different, if we talk about the history of Android, the story of Android first started in 2003 as a company named Android Inc. Those searching for Android are Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White. Initially Android was developed for cameras, but its founders later came to understand that the camera market is very small, and after investing in it, the returns will not be as expected, so they started their project for mobile devices Turned towards creating a great operating system.

In July 2005, Google bought Android and due to this the founders of this company also merged with Google. The deal was worth about $ 50 Million dollars between Google and Android. The team leader for the project at the time was Andy Rubin and in 2007 it was announced by Google that Google was developing Android OS (Operating System), and then in 2008 HTC first launched the first mobile phone based on the Android operating system.


Android Versions History

The Android mobile we know today was not so developed from the beginning. Over time, Android evolved and new features were added to it. In today's time, Android can do everything that a computer system does. As the Android OS developed, so did the different versions of each of its OSes.

The Android version is named Alphabetical (A To Z), and an interesting point in its name is that all Android versions have names associated with some food item. You will be clear from their names which will explain in detail.


Android Versions And Features

Below I have mentioned about the different version of Android Operating System. These are the versions that Android has released so far. And maybe we have used many for the last few years and still do.


Android Beta

It was the first Android version and was released in November 2007.


Android 1.0

This was the first commercial version released on September 23, 2008. It had many features such as Android Market application, Web browser, zoom and plan full HTML, and XHTML web pages, cameras support, access to email servers, Google contacts, Google Calendar, Google maps, Google Sync, Google Search , Google Talk, YouTube, Wi-Fi etc.


Android 1.1

This version is also known as "Petit Four" and was released in February 9, 2009. The longer in-call screen timeout feature was by default when you use the speakerphone. Along with this, there was also the facility to save attachments of messages.


Android 1.5 Cupcake

This Android 1.5 version was released on April 30, 2009, and was based on Linux kernel 2.6.27. This was the first version that was named after a dessert. This updated version had many features such as support for Widgets, third party virtual keyboard, video recording and playback, animated screen transitions etc. and with it you could upload videos to YouTube and photos to Picasa.


Android 1.6 Donut

It was released on September 15, 2009, and was based on Linux Kernel 2.6.29. This version had many such features as multilingual speech synthesis, gallery, camera, camcorder etc. With this, it also supported WVGA screen resolutions.


Android 2.0 / 2.1 Eclair

Eclair was released on October 26, 2009, which was based on Linux kernel 2.6.29. This change also had many features like expanded account sync, Exchange email support, Bluetooth 2.1 support. With this, by tapping the contacts photo in it, you could also call, SMS or email someone, with it, there was also the facility of search all saved SMS and MMS. Along with this, other facilities like new camera features, improved typing speed on the virtual keyboard, improved google maps 3.1.2 were also available.


Android 2.2.x Froyo

Froyo means Frozen Yogurt and was released on May 20, 2010, and was based on Linux kernel 2.6.32. It also had some new additional features such as integration of Chrome's VS JavaScript engine into the browser application, improved Microsoft Exchange support, improved application launcher, Wi-Fi hotspot functionality, quick switching between multiple keyboards etc. In Froyo, you also supported Android Cloud to Device Messaging service, Bluetooth enabled car and desk docks, numeric and alphanumeric passwords.


Android 2.3.x Gingerbread

December 6, 2010, Gingerbread was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.35. It had many features like extra-large screen sizes, faster text input in the virtual keyboard, enhanced copy paste functionality, support for Near Field Communication, New Download Manager. etc. With this, Gingerbread and many other things were supported like multiple cameras on the device, improved power management, concurrent garbage collection etc.


Android 3.x Honeycomb

This version Android 3.0 was released on February 22, 2011. It was based on Linux kernel 2.6.36. It had a new virtual and "holographic" user interface with which added system bar, action bar and redesigned keyboard were also attached. Along with this, other features like multitasking, allows multiple browser tabs, provides quick access to the camera, support video for chat using Google Talk were also available.


Android 4.0.x Ice Cream Sandwich

The Ice Cream Sandwich version was publicly released on October 19, 2011,. Its source code was made available on November 14, 2011. With the help of this version, folders could be easily created, many features were available such as separation of widgets in a new tab, integrated screenshot capture, better voice integration, consist of face unlock, with customizable launcher, improved copy and paste functionality. , built-in photo editor, improved camera app with zero shutter lag. Android 4.0 consist of Android Beam a near field communication feature and support WebP image format.


Android 4.1 Jelly Bean

Google released Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean) in June 27, 2012, and was based on Linux kernel 3.0.31. The main objective of this version was how to increase the functionality and performance of the user interface. This version has many features like bi-directional text, ability to turn off notifications on apps, offline voice detection, along with Google Wallet, shortcuts and widgets, multichannel audio, Google Now search application, USB audio, audio chaining etc.

In its second version, which was 4.2 it had many new features such as the new redesigned clock app and clock widgets, multiple user profiles, photospheres, daydream screenSavers etc.


Android 4.4 "KitKat"

Google released Android 4.4 KitKat in October 2013, along with the Nexus 5 Smartphone. This is the first time in the history of Google that Google has partnered with another brand for Android mascot. Yes friends Google did a huge marketing campaign with Nestle to promote KitKat.

The main objective of the company was to make this new OS even more efficient, faster and less resource intensive. This OS could also run in low-end hardware and old hardware so that other manufacturers could use it in their existing models. This also gave them more encouragement. It also had some very special features about which I have mentioned below.

• Google Now in the home screen
• New Dialer
• Full-screen apps
• Unified Hangouts app
• Redesigned Clock and Downloads apps
• emoji
• Productivity enhancements
• HDR +


Android 5.0 L

When Android L was about to be released, there was a lot of whisper among the people about its name, some giving it Licorice, some Lemonhead and some giving it the name of Lollipop. And when it was released on October 15, 2014, it was renamed Android Lollipop. Many such features were adopted in it which were not mehjud before.

• Better Material Design, with excellent color interfaces, playful transitions and more.
• Multitasking was redefined so that it could work even better
• Some changes have been made in the notification so that you can see all the notifications simultaneously in HomeScreen and can also cancel it.
• Best Battery Life
• This mobile Os has not only been limited to the phone itself, but now Android Wear has also been promoted, so that you could use it in your hands only.


Android 6.0 Marshmallow

This Android version was released on October 5, 2015. It was very similar in appearance to the previous Os. But some important changes were brought in it which made it somewhat different. I have mentioned below about some such features so that you can get more information about it.

• Google Now on Tap, with which you can do other work without closing any app. In this, you just have to press the Home button for a long time and Google Now will be overlay with your current app.
• A slight improvement in Cut & Paste. So that the user has ease of use.
• From Voice Search directly Lock Screen, previously only camera and emergency call could be done but now voice search can be done easily with it.
• Great Security
• Changes in App Permission, in which earlier users had no rights over it, meaning users could not change it, but now it can be changed for which you must first have Settings> Apps> tap a particular app > Permissions Features can also be turned on and off.
• Google Setting in one place
• For Smart Lock Passwords
• Better Power Saving Options for which you have to follow this path Settings> Battery> Battery optimization (available via the menu in the top-right corner)
• New UI tuner setting
• With this you can also easily edit the Quick Setting Menu.


Android 7.0 Nougat

Android Nougat was released with Google’s Pixel (Pixel XL) phones on October 4, 2016. It had a lot of exciting features that were not useful in earlier Android Versions.

• Night Light through which you can easily fall even at night without any trouble
• Fingerprint swipe down gesture, for this you just have to swipe your finger across the screen
• Daydream VR Mode
• App Shortcuts
• Circular app icons support
With this, some special features were also made available for Google's Pixel users. for example
• Pixel Launcher
• Google Assistant
Unlimited original quality photo / video backup to Google Photos.
• Pixel Camera app
• Smart Storage As soon as storage is over, storage deletes the old backup so that a new store can be created.
• Phone / Chat support
• Quick Switch adapter for wired setup from Android or iPhone.
• Dynamic calendar date icon.


Android 8.0 OREO

This was a much better Android Os update that has been replaced by the new update, if I say more about it, then this Android 8.0 Oreo was released on August 18, 2017. At the moment you can use it in a few devices such as Pixel, Pixel XL, Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P, Nexus Player, and the Pixel C. and other SmartPhones will be provided updates by the end of 2017. Now let's know what new features are there in this Android update.

• Enhanced Battery Life
• Picture-in-Picture (PiP) According to this, if you are watching a movie and if you have to send an email then you can easily do this work.
• Smart Text Selection
• Notification dots in which if some new notification comes in any apps, then it will be seen on it.
• Better Google Assistant
• New Autofill feature
• Wi-Fi Awareness In this, your mobile will automatically start itself by entering a wifi zone.
• More Safe and Secure


Android 9.0 Pie

The most recent Android Os update is now. This Android 9.0 Pie Os has been officially released on August 6, 2018. It has been named Android Pie, and has many new and exciting features that make it special. If you have a Pixel smartphone, then you will get all the updates of Android Pie very comfortably but only digital detox elements Excluding.

Other Android smartphones such as Sony, Xiaomi, Oppo, Vivo, OnePlus and Essential will get these updates within a few months. Google itself has stated that all these devices are only part of their Beta program.

Now let's know what new features are there in this Android update.

• Adaptive Battery: Adaptive Battery has been used in it, which uses machine learning to make apps functional properly. Apart from this, apps are used in an energy-efficient manner so that they are turned ON only if the user does not use them, then they remain in inactive condition. 

• Adaptive Brightness: It provides ambient lighting according to your personal preferences, and it makes those adjustments for you in the background.

• App Actions: This is a very new feature in which Os can predict what action you are going to take next on top of the user's app usage. This app can be about predictions.

• Android Dashboard: It has been specially designed to understand the habits of the user, which can provide you meaningful engagement. It can show you how many times you unlock your phone, how many notifications you received, how many apps you used. With this, it gives you control of how and when you are spending your time.

• App Timer: This feature gives you control over how long you want to use your apps, at the end of the time it provides you with noticfication. This is going to be very important for those who want to use their time properly.

• Slush Gesture: With this feature, you can turn your phone and automatically bring it to Do Not Disturb mode.

• Wind Down Mode: In this feature you just have to tell Google Assistant about your bedtime and when that time is near, it automatically turns on Do Not Disturb and turns on the greyscale mode of your screen gives.


Android 10

Android 10 is Google's latest Mobile Os, which has not yet been released. After Android P, many new features have been added to it and keeping in mind the safety and security of the users, new safety features have also been installed in it.

Now let's also know about some special features of Android Q.

Better Permissions Controls

Compared to the rest of Android version, we will get to see much better permission control in it, so that the user will get more control over his phone.

Gonna provide support to foldable phones

It has been heard that Samsung and other compaines are about to launch foldable phones soon and in such a situation they will need a new OS. So it has already been tailored to foldable phones.

Faster sharing

In this, sharing can be done much faster than the first Os version. Which is going to be very useful for users later.

Built-in screen recording

It has the facility of built-in screen recording so that screen recording can be done easily.

In-app settings panel

There are many such settings provided in the In-app settings panel, which can increase the usability of the user.

System-wide dark mode

This was a much awaited update that was desired by many android users. So they have provided system wide only dark mode in the new update.

Depth formats for photos

In photos too, he has used depth formats to make this better, so that the resolution of photos can be greatly improved.

HDR10 + Support

It has now started supporting HDR10 + as well.

New theming options

In this, many new theming options have been provided so that now users can easily choose their favorite theme.

Better privacy protections in Android

As Android had already promised that they will strengthen the privacy protection of the new OS even further and they have done the same with this new OS.


What is Android Root?

The name of Android root has also been added to it since the arrival of Android Mobile. Whenever we use Android mobile, we have to follow the rules of the company of that mobile, and we are able to use the same features that the company implements in that mobile. Apart from this, we are also unable to uninstall many apps given by the company. If you want to run your mobile according to yourself, then you have to root it, by rooting the mobile, we can insert and delete the software according to us. After routing in common language, we hack the folder containing Android App.


Do Android updates cost money?

Downloading and installing Android Updates is absolutely free. By updating, you can find many new features in your mobile phone. And with this, the speed and performance of your Android Phones increase with each update.

In mostly new and high-end Android Phones, you can get new Android updates first. Yes, let's assume that you will get at least one update in all Android Phones and maybe in any phone you can get updates twice.


Are Android's Biggest Competitors Apple and Windows Phone?

Apple may be the biggest competitor of Android, but Windows Phone has also joined this race with it. Gradually, but Windows Phone is also spreading its foot and is developing itself according to a reputable mobile ecosystem. Supposed that Apple and Android phones are still the first choice of people in the market, yet Windows Phone wanted to increase curiosity among people by giving good cameras in Nokia Mobiles.

Apple started both the SmartPhone and Tablet industries together when they released the iPhone in 2007 and the iPad in 2010. Both of these not only got good support in the market but also got a lot of support from the people. In the same way, Android too has acquired a significant amount of possession all over the world. If we talk about popularity, then Apple is still performing better than Android. Similarly, if they are placed in a serial number less than the most popular, then the first number can be placed second by Apple, second by Android and third in Windows.


Android is an "Open Source" Model

The biggest competition of Android SmartPhones and Tablets comes in Apple iPhone and iPad. The biggest difference between these two operating systems is that Android's OS is Open Source and Free, while Apple's iOS is completely closed meaning that nothing can be tampered with. For example, in iOS we cannot change the default browser from Safari to Google Chrome.

In Apple, you have many restrictions in these default apps, which makes it a big problem to use them and you cannot even try anything new in it. At the same time, with Android being Open Source, you can use your favorite apps in it. The use of these two is very old, here I want to tell you one thing that all this is a matter for personal preference. The rest is up to you which type of SmartPhone you want to use.


Conclusion

Android mobile has become an important part of our life, in today's time, many people run their business through Android itself. Many YouTubers are making money by playing YouTube videos on Android. With the help of Android, we can do everything from shopping of goods to transferring money to the bank from anywhere. 

In this world who likes today's technology, children also like to study online, in which Android helps them. There are many examples that have made our lifestyle very easy. 

If you liked Android's information, don't forget to share it, thanks!

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